April 30, 2019

The Swiss Air Force will take flight in two Super Hornets this week for #Air2030 evaluation tests







This day in 1945, Adolf Hitler commits suicide along with Eva Braun in the Führerbunker in Berlin








Northrop Grumman The Big Impossible






DCNS - SMX® Ocean Multi-Role Attack Submarine Combat Simulation






USS Montgomery (LCS 8) launches a RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM)






Video of our Singapore's locally and specially designed Airborne-Trooper Training Facility by DSTA and SAF.








Rogue Pakistan admits presence of terrorists in its territory to avail IMF bailout loan package

Pakistan Army Major General Ghafoora admits



Pakistan Army on Monday admitted the presence of terrorists and Jihadi elements in its country, saying that there is a need to "do a lot" to curb terrorism.

"We have proscribed violent extremist organisations and Jihadist groups and we have been taking action against them," said Director General of Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major General Asif Ghafoor at a press conference here on Monday.


Major General Ghafoor said that there is a need to "do a lot" to curb terrorism as Islamabad so far has "suffered losses. We have lost millions of dollar due to terrorism." "There is still a lot to do against terrorism," he added.

He also admitted that previous governments failed to curb terrorism and due to which Pakistan lost its "millions of dollars."

"The state was busy conducting kinetic operations and every law enforcement agency was busy in that. Which is why we were not able to strategise against these (banned) organisations the way we are doing today," Ghafoor said.

Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al Baghdadi alive?






April 29, 2019

April 26, 2019

Vietnam People’s Air Force Su-22 runway excursion


A Vietnam People’s Air Force (VPAF) Su-22 hit a wall during landing on Apr. 23. The pilot did not suffer any injury.






USN drafting guidelines on reporting UFO encounters


The U.S. Navy is drafting guidelines for pilots and military personnel to report UFO sightings.




Israeli Air Force’s 116 Squadron is now operating the F-35


The Jerusalem Post says the Israeli Air Force’s 116 Squadron is now operating the F-35 fighter.







F22 doing one of the Russian tricks








Filming Airbus A380 by a drone camera during takeoff from Mauritius Airport








April 25, 2019

Leading Aircraftman and Warlpiri man Brodie McIntyre is playing a Didgeridoo at the Anzac Day services in Turkey this year








Anzac Day is a day for all Australians








April 24, 2019

Allah created this land for Muslims; Kafirs have right to live, but only Muslims have right to rule

Last sermon of Jihadi who blew himself up in Sri Lanka. 

"Islam doesn't permit standing up for country's flag. Hindus, Xtians, Budhdhists r Kafirs. Allah created this land for Muslims; Kafirs have right to live, but only Muslims have right to rule."




CCTV footage of one of the Islamic suicide bomber

- Abu Ubaida 
- Abu al-Mukhtar 
- Abu Khalil
- Abu Hamza 
- Abu al-Barra 
- Abu Muhammad 

- Abu Abdullah


Bodyguards wipe Kim’s train as it arrives at Vladivostok station







Libyan GNA Air Force has lost the 508, its last Mirage F.1ED which was being flown by Mercenary Pilot








Real hunter







Airbus Helicopters Awarded Australia’s ARH Tiger Support Contract Extension






Brisbane, Airbus has been awarded an extension of the Australian Army’s Armed Reconnaissance Helicopter (ARH) Tiger through-life support (TLS) contract by the Australian Department of Defence.

Airbus Australia Pacific Managing Director Andrew Mathewson said that the five-year, TLS contract extension reflected the current standing of the Tiger in Australia.

“Airbus is committed to ensuring the success of the Australian ARH Tiger fleet, and we have worked closely with the Australian Army and our industry partners to improve the fleet‘s performance over many years,” he said.

The TLS extension covering the ARH programme until 2025 includes:

• More extensive aircraft and component deeper maintenance;
• Operational maintenance of aircraft allocated to training;
• Aircrew and technician training including maintenance of training devices;
• Design services including OEM design incorporation;
• Systems and software development and testing;
• Complete parts support including MRO, purchasing, storage and distribution;
• Technical publications; maintenance policy; and fleet management.

Raytheon Start to Produce AIM-9X Block II and AMRAAM for Indonesia and Other Countries


https://dod.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/1815651//



AIM-9X Block II

Raytheon Missile Systems, Tucson, Arizona, is awarded $12,111,859 for modification P00002 to a previously awarded fixed-price-incentive-firm contract (N00019-18-C-1068) for procurement of AIM-9X Lot 18 Block II All Up Round tactical missiles, Captive Air Training missile guidance units, tail caps and containers, and spares for the Navy, Air Force and the governments of South Korea, Australia, Qatar, Norway, Indonesia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Poland, Japan, Taiwan, Turkey, Belgium, Malaysia, United Arab Emirates, the Netherlands, Finland, Switzerland, Slovakia, Singapore, and Denmark.

Work will be performed in Tucson, Arizona (31 percent); Andover, Massachusetts (10 percent); Keyser, West Virginia (9 percent); Santa Clarita, California (8 percent); Hillsboro, Oregon (5 percent); Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (5 percent); Goleta, California (4 percent); Cheshire, Connecticut (4 percent); Heilbronn, Germany (3 percent); Simsbury, Connecticut (2 percent); Jose, California (2 percent); Valencia, California (2 percent); Anaheim, California (2 percent); Cajon, California (2 percent); Cincinnati, Ohio (1 percent); Anniston, Alabama (1 percent); San Diego, California (1 percent); Chatsworth, California (1 percent); Amesbury, Massachusetts (1 percent); Claremont, California (1 percent); Sumner, Washington (1 percent); and other locations within the continental U.S. (4 percent).

Work is expected to be completed in March 2021. Fiscal 2017, 2018, and 2019 weapons procurement (Navy); fiscal 2018 research, development, test and evaluation (Navy); fiscal 2017 and 2018 missile procurement (Air Force); and Foreign Military Sales (FMS) funds in the amount of 12,111,859 will be obligated at time of award, $302,997 of which will expire at the end of the fiscal year.

This modification combines purchases for the Navy ($884,869; 7.2 percent); Air Force ($678,935; 5.6 percent); and the governments of South Korea ($2,093,922; 17.3 percent); Australia ($1,989,468; 16.4 percent); Qatar ($1,900,344; 15.7 percent); Indonesia ($613,232; 5.1 percent); Norway ($610,316; 5 percent); Kuwait ($536,353; 4.4 percent); Saudi Arabia ($443,249; 3.7 percent); Israel ($386,756; 3.2 percent); Poland ($338,184; 2.8 percent); Japan ($249,903; 2.1 percent); Taiwan ($241,433; 2 percent); Turkey ($185, 098; 1.5 percent); Malaysia ($172,606; 1.4 percent); United Arab Emirates ($171,534; 1.4 percent); Belgium ($167,707; 1.4 percent); the Netherlands ($161,865; 1.3 percent); Finland ($141,901; 1.2 percent); Switzerland ($57,020; 0.5 percent); Slovakia ($45,793; .04 percent); Singapore ($33,298; 0.3 percent); and Denmark ($8,073; 0.1 percent) under the Foreign Military Sales program. The Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, Maryland, is the contracting activity. (US DoD)

AMRAAM

Raytheon Missile Systems Co., Tucson, Arizona, has been awarded a $19,136,527 firm-fixed-price modification (P00011) to previously awarded contract FA8675-18-C-0003 for Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) production program.

This modification provides for upgrade and commonality of AMRAAM production test equipment being produced and utilized under the basic contract. Work will be performed in Tucson, Arizona, and is expected to be complete by April 15, 2022.

This contract involves unclassified foreign military sales to Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Morocco, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Fiscal 2017 procurement funds (Air Force and Navy) in the amount of $12,396,642; and Foreign Military Sales funds in the amount of $6,739,885, are being obligated at the time of award. Air Force Life Cycle Management Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, is the contracting activity. (US DoD)

This elephant walk featuring 24 F-22s was possible after new checklist changes


The U.S. Air Force has implemented a new checklist for F-22 pilots who are flying with external fuel tanks attached.






Fast jet training at MCAS Yuma hampered by limited training areas and weapons availability


A formerly secret Pentagon report says USMC fast jet pilots training at MCAS Yuma are unable to “train as they would fight.”






ISRAEL INKS DEAL WITH ELBIT FOR ADVANCED ‘ARTILLERY OF THE FUTURE’







Russian frigate Admiral Gorshkov is attending 70th anniversary of PLA Navy 1' Defense Breaking News






Rogue Pakistan Army announces postings and transfers of top commanders


New Appointees of Pakistan Army will now start to large tracts of government land and grab prime real estate in major Pakistani commercial cities.




The Pakistan Army on Tuesday announced high-level postings of top military commanders, said a statement issued by the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR).

Lt Gen Faiz Hameed has been appointed as adjutant general-Army Headquarters (GHQ) while Lt Gen Azhar Abbas has been appointed as director-general (DG) of the Joint Staff (JS) Headquarters.The army’s promotion board also confirmed Lt Gen Nauman Mahmood as inspector-general (IG) of Communications and Information Technology (C&IT) and Lt Gen Sahir Shamshad Mirza has been posted to vice joint chiefs of staff committee (JCSC).

The board transferred also Lt Gen Syed Muhammad Adnan to the Bahawalpur Corps as its new commanding officer.

On April 12, the army promoted Lt Gen Faiz Hameed, Lt Gen Azhar Abbas, Lt Gen Nauman Mahmood and Lt Gen Sahir Shamshad Mirza from major general to their existing ranks.

Russian Wingman shot down own MiG-31






A Russian MiG-31 was lost on Apr. 26, 2017. At that time, the Russian Ministry of Defense did not explain why the aircraft crashed. It has now emerged that the twin-engine fighter was brought down by another MiG-31 which fired a R-33 air-to-air missile mistakenly.


PACAF practice dispersing aircraft throughout Micronesia

F-16s, F-15s, F-22s, C-17s and C-130s assigned to Pacific Air Force (PACAF) practice dispersing to airports and airfields in Micronesia on Apr. 22.







April 22, 2019

B-52 With Hungarian Air Force






E-3 AWACS Landing At Travis Air Force Base







Korean K808 wheeled armored vehicle







How The Royal Navy Hunts SEA MINES In The Arabian Gulf | Forces TV






Iran Air Force had only ten of its aircraft participating in Iran's Military Day Parade on 18 April.







Two F-16 squadrons of Hellenic Air Force carried-out tens of SEAD (Suppression of Enemy Air Defense) missions during exercise #Iniochos2019/








April 20, 2019

Japanese Hamamatsu Public Relations Center original character T-4 man









Royal Australian Af pilots recently flew night missions around RAAF Bases WLM and RIC as part of our F 35 Joint Strike Fighter validation








Soldiers of the 1st Fallschirm-Panzer Division Hermann Göring near a destroyed Soviet SU-122 assault gun in Bautzen, April 1945








Inside The Most Remote Military Base In America! 2019-2020







Houthi Forces shot down a Chinese made Wing Loong UAV







April 19, 2019

US Army Rangers from the 3rd Ranger Battalion at @FortBenning, Ga., train w/night vision devices while preparing for an upcoming deployment








Cooking Breakfast for 1,500 on a US Navy Ship






How A Beautiful Day At The Beach Looks Like For US Marines






ROK Army - K2 Black Panther Main Battle Tank







NG-11 Mission Overview






Ancient Aliens: Extraterrestrial Nazi Technology







F-15 Eagles Scramble at RAF Lakenheath - 48th Fighter Wing






F-35A Lightning II Lands for First Middle East Deployment






April 18, 2019

New footage released by China offers an inside look at the country's first self-developed aircraft carrier during its latest sea trial








April 17, 2019

China receives final batch of Su-35 fighter aircraft from Russia








Russian Su-25SM live firing exercise in Kyrgyzstan






Canada will launch a new fighter competition again, next month

CBC News says the Canadian government will be calling for a tender to buy new fighters by the end of next month.






Taiwan to deploy twin-barrel 20mm remote weapon stations off the coast of China

Taiwan’s XTR-102 remote weapon station will enter service on Donying island off the coast of China in 2021.




Sweden buying GBU-39/B


The Pentagon has disclosed that Sweden will be buying the GBU-39/B Small Diameter Bomb Increment I in a $65 million indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract to Boeing on Apr. 15.





Houthis in Yemen introduced a new airburst ballistic missile that spreads 14,000 pieces of shrapnel over a large area








South Korean mechanized forces






"Tank biathlon" and "Suvorov onslaught" in the Central Military District






Russian reconnaissance UAV for BM-30 MLRS








Israel fighter jets fly over the snowy peaks and wide fields of Greece as part of one of the largest overseas Israeli Air Force exercises








April 15, 2019

Hitler's Indian Regiment






Indonesia Signs USD1 Billion Contract for Three Follow-on SSKs to Nagapasa Class






Indonesia has signed a USD1 billion contract with South Korean shipbuilding company DSME for three more diesel-electric submarines. The Indonesian shipbuilder PT PAL will play a larger role in the construction of these vessels. sixth boat PT PAL will construct all six modules in Indonesia, with assistance from DSME (photo : IMF)

The Indonesian Ministry of Defence has signed a USD1 billion contract with South Korean shipbuilder Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering (DSME) for three Type 209/1400 diesel-electric submarines (SSKs). The contract was signed on 12 March in Bandung, West Java.
The vessels will be a follow-on to the country’s Nagapasa class, the contract for which was also awarded to DSME in 2011. Two submarines under this earlier contract have been commissioned by the Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Laut: TNI-AL), while a third was launched at PT PAL’s premises in Surabaya on 11 March.

Industry sources, who have been updating Jane’s on the progress of the negotiations for the follow-on SSKs since early January 2019, have also confirmed that PT PAL will take on larger workshare roles in this new deal with DSME as part of a technology transfer programme.

For the first vessel under the new contract, which will be the fourth-in-class overall, two of the SSK’s six modules will be constructed by PT PAL in Surabaya, while DSME will build the remaining four in South Korea. The Indonesian-built modules will be shipped to Okpo for assembly.

Japan MOD ATLA - Latest Military Technology Advancement






Jordan might donate third AH-1 to Philippines

During a campaign rally in Negros Occidental on Apr. 11, Philippine President Rodrigo Roa Duterte told the crowd that Jordan might donate another AH-1 attack helicopter to his country.







Royal Australian Navy Getting AUD 600 Million IT Upgrade





The IT equipment the Navy uses on its ships will receive a major overhaul worth hundreds of millions of dollars.

The Minister for Defence, the Hon Christopher Pyne MP, have announced the Government will strengthen the Navy’s computer networks by modernising the Fleet Information Environment (FIE).

“The FIE consists of both classified and unclassified computer networks which are used throughout the fleet,” said Minister Pyne.

These networks can exchange information within the ship or externally using radio and satellite connections.

“It’s fundamental to Navy’s ability to operate the fleet day-to-day, including participating in operations with allied nations.”

The project is worth around $600 million and will create more than 100 jobs designing and developing the new computer systems.

This is the first step towards rolling out contemporary computer systems to the fleet over the next decade ensuring the Navy continues to meet the challenges of modern warfare.

The current FIE has supported Navy’s deployed computer network requirements for over a decade.

Minister for Defence Industry, Senator the Hon Linda Reynolds CSC, said with technology moving rapidly, many components require upgrading and Australian industry will be approached to provide innovative solutions.

“The Commonwealth is continuing to work with Australian industry to improve Defence capabilities and create local jobs,” said Minister Reynolds.

“It’s an exciting project which provides numerous opportunities for Australian small and medium sized businesses.”



Honeywell Eyes Malaysia F/A-18D, C-130 Upgrade Work






Honeywell is eyeing upgrade opportunities for Kuala Lumpur’s Boeing F/A-18D Hornet fighters and Lockheed Martin C-130 Hercules tactical transports.

Honeywell has a significant amount of content on the F/A-18Ds that it could upgrade, says company vice-president Tim Van Luven.

Potential upgrade work could involve the aircraft’s displays, global positioning system, antennas, lighting, wheels and brakes, and cabin pressure system. In addition, Honeywell produced the main fuel controls on the type’s General Electric F404 engines.

"The needs of Malaysia’s defence and aerospace industry are constantly evolving,” he says. “Honeywell is well positioned in the region to evaluate ways in which we can offer customized support to the Royal Malaysian Air Force. As a key solutions provider for the F/A-18D, we are continuously exploring possibilities that leverage our local partnerships and global supply chain network to bring enhanced aftermarket support to Malaysia.”

Honeywell also believes that maintenance for Malaysia’s Hornet fleet would be better expedited were this to be conducted under a direct commercial arrangement, as opposed to the existing Foreign Military Sales (FMS) arrangement.Cirium’s Fleets Analyzer shows that the Royal Malaysian Air Force operates eight F/A-18Ds, with an average age of 21.7 years.

Van Luven made the remarks during the recent Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition.

In addition, Honeywell sees broad scope for work on Kuala Lumpur’s fleet of C-130s.

“We talked to [local MRO firm] Airod and the Malaysian government as well,” says Van Luven.

“We understand there is funding to support the programme, but there are no decisions, contracts or tenders as of yet on what the upgrade is. We're going to give some briefings to some of the local decision makers on what Honeywell can do.”

Van Luven says that Honeywell can offer a broad range of upgrades to the legacy fleet, including avionics, mechanical systems, safety systems, and communications.

“There's lots of places to spend money on old C-130s from the 1970s, so it will depend on their requirements,” he says. “They seem very committed to upgrading.”

The RMAF operates 14 C-130s with an average of 34.9 years. Its in service fleet comprises three C-130Hs, eight C-130H-30s, and two KC-130Hs. It also has a single C-130H-30 in storage.

Saab Receives Order for Carl-Gustaf Ammunition to the Australian Army





Saab has received an order for deliveries of Carl-Gustaf® ammunition to the Australian Army, the total order value is SEK 168 million and deliveries are expected to take place in 2020.

In September 2018, the Australian Army placed an order for deliveries of the newest version of the system – Carl-Gustaf M4.

“We are happy to see that the Australian Army keeps investing in the Carl-Gustaf system and we are proud of the trust our customer puts in Saab. This order demonstrates the continued strong belief in the Carl-Gustaf system and the state-of-the-art ammunition delivered from Saab. The wide range of variations of Carl-Gustaf ammunition brings a true tactical flexibility to the user,” says Görgen Johansson, head of Saab business area Dynamics.

Saab’s world-leading weapon system Carl-Gustaf has a long and distinguished service history all around the world, including the Nordic and Baltic region. Employing a wide range of ammunition types, the Carl-Gustaf system allows dismounted soldiers to take on multiple challenges – from neutralising armoured vehicles to clearing obstacles and defeating enemies in buildings. The Carl-Gustaf system, which has been sold to more than 40 countries, is successively being developed with new ammunition types and enhanced capabilities.

This order was booked during Q4 2018.

Tu-160, Su-27SM conduct training over Black Sea






Philippine Navy team in U.K. for pre-delivery inspection of AW159s

Vice Adm. Robert Empedrad from the Philippine Navy is leading a team in the United Kingdom for pre-delivery inspection of the two AW159s the South East Asia nation has ordered.






S-350, S-500 will soon be delivered to Russia’s military


The Russian military will soon take delivery of the S-350 and S-500 air defense missile system.





How Many Soldiers Does It Take To Move A Humvee






Royal Thai Navy Holds Ceremony to Launch New Tugboat





The Royal Thai Navy has launched the second YTM-858 H.T.M.S. Panyi medium-sized tugboat, in a ceremony according to naval tradition for good fortune.

This is the second Panyi-class medium sized tugboat, number 858 commissioned in a boat launching ceremony, presided over by Royal Thai Navy Commander in Chief Luechai Ruddit, with the Navy Wives Association President Ubonwan Ruddit as the christening lady taking part in the ceremony at ItalThai Marine’s shipyard in Samut Prakan.

The Royal Thai Navy previously hired ItalThai Marine to build two tugboats, with one of the two currently in service with the Amphibious and Combat Support Service Squadron. The second Panyi-class boat in the ceremony today was built under contract to replace older boats and increase the number of medium size tugboats in the fleet.

The Navy Deputy Chief of Staff Vice Admiral Yongyut Phrompromrach said the new boat will assist in the navigation of large warships into and out of piers; fighting fire in naval bases, and in other operations more effectively, such as the removal of oil slicks at piers and on shore, and pulling weapons’ exercise targets.

The hiring of a domestic company to construct the boat is considered a demonstration of Thai ship building capacity and proficiency required for technological transmission which will help drive the country’s ship building industry forward.



April 13, 2019

Indonesia to replace Hawk with F-16V?

According to Angkasa Review, Jakarta is keen to buy 32 F-16V fighters to replace its Hawk 100/200 fleet.







No bidder for Hungary’s MiG-29s

Hungary has failed to sell off 19 of its MiG-29 fighters along with 20 spare engines as no one made a bid for them.






U-2 joins search for missing JASDF F-35A pilot


A U.S. Air Force U-2 reconnaissance aircraft has joined the ongoing search effort to locate the pilot of a Japanese F-35A that crash on Apr. 9.







April 5, 2019

F-15 shooting down an unmanned F-4 Phantom








Boeing says NATO may buy P-8A to plug gap in maritime surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities


Boeing has engaged NATO in exploratory talks to plug a gap in the alliance’s maritime surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities with the P-8A.






Watch Spanish Air Force C295 landing accident


A Spanish Air Force C295, tail number T.21-10, was badly damaged after it overran the runway after a hard landing at Santa Cilia Airfield on Apr. 4.




Exclusive footage of the Ladoga-2019 exercise






Royal Moroccan Armed Forces Fire M-109A5 Paladins






GEM 63 Static Test






April 4, 2019

Chinese copied Wing Loong UAVs have fired more than 3000 munitions


China’s Wing Loong unmanned aerial vehicles have fired more than 3000 live munitions and achieved more than 90 percent accuracy with them.






Vermont ANG final F-16 flight on Apr. 6






JASDF Air Force One Cabin Attendant training






Pair of Tu-160s flew over Barents, Norwegian, North Seas






Lightning hit F18 canopy







Cheetah C-RAM interceptor can take out BLU-109 at 6 km

Speaking to DefenceWeb, CEO of Rheinmetall Norbert Schulze says the development of the Cheetah counter-rocket, artillery and mortar (C-RAM) interceptor is progressing to technology readiness level four.







Norwegian CV-90 Recce reconnaissance variant









Gaza residents make IED explosive devices





Pakistan invents new bio gas facility



OSCE release image of modern Russian jamming systems in eastern Ukraine








April 2, 2019

Bankrupt Pakistan has only one partially operational submarine





Pakistan’s current submarine force levels are low with four of its navy’s five operational units undergoing major refit and repairs, three top intelligence officials in India have independently confirmed.

“We have inputs that indicate that only one Pakistan Navy submarine is partially operational. And this is the reason why they were frantically seeking help of the Chinese Navy to secure their maritime interests post-Pulwama,” said one of the three personnel cited above, a senior intelligence official. None of the three wished to be identified.

On February 14, a suicide bomber of the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed attacked an Indian paramilitary force convoy in Jammu and Kashmir, killing 40. India responded by bombing a Jaish terror facility in Pakistan on February 26.

After that air strike, a Pakistan Navy submarine was detected in the international waters off India’s west coast on February 27, the day when an intrusion by a Pakistan Air Force (PAF) fighter was effectively repelled in the Nowshera sector.

Indian Navy officials say the maritime force was very clear about deployment of Pakistani naval assets after the Balakot strikes.

“Maritime domain awareness was very high. We are still deployed and in full control of the situation,” a senior navy official said on condition of anonymity.

According to the intelligence officials, the lone submarine on patrol in high seas off the coast of India was part of the deception mission adopted by the Pakistan Navy. The submarine, which was identified by its radar signature, moved back to its base shortly, with the Pakistan Navy de-escalating its forward posture.

Indian Navy officials declined to comment on the state of Pakistan’s submarines. According to Vice Admiral (Retd) Madanjit Singh, former Commander-in-Chief, Western Navy, a partially operational submarine means that there are restrictions over diving to a certain level.

Pakistan has five French-made submarines, of which three belong to Augusta 90B class or Khalid class and two, with a nearly 40-year vintage, belong to the Augusta 70 or Hashmat class. While PNS Khalid is nearly 20 years old, PNS Saad is 18 years old and PNS Hamza was commissioned 11 years ago. HT learns that all three are under major repairs being done by a Turkish company and are expected to join active service only in 2020. The Khalid-class subs can fire cruise missiles.

While the Indian Navy remain tight-lipped, intelligence reports indicate that only PNS Hurmat, commissioned in 1980, is partially operational, with lead class boat PNS Hashmat, commissioned in 1979, undergoing a major overhaul. Submarines are a huge deterrent in times of hostility as they are used to prevent forward deployment of surface naval assets of the adversary and also to wreak economic damage by hampering harbour operations of the enemy.
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